Head injuries can occur in a variety of ways. Falls, crashes, bicycle or car accidents, and sport-related injuries are some of the events that could leave a victim with a minor or severe brain injury. Head injuries also manifest as anything as small as a bump to severe injuries like contusions, hematoma, intracranial hemorrhages, or edema. The first step to dealing with these different kinds of injuries, is to know the wide-range of symptoms to look for.
Here are some steps you can follow to begin treating a head injury:
- First, check to see if the heady injury is open. If the injury has resulted in the skull being broken open, you must call 911 immediately. A closed brain injury may also be very severe, but further inquiry is needed to determine if it is an emergency. If you are in doubt about how serious the head injury is, call 911. If the head injury has resulted in bleeding, hold a cloth firmly to the wound and stay that way. It is important to keep the cloth over even excessive bleeding. It may be hard to know what has happened, but try to dress the wound appropriately. If the skull has been fractured, do not put pressure on the head. If there is an object extending from the skull, do not try to remove it. Allow emergency personnel to deal with the injury. (more…)